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Product Management

Program Manager


What is a Program Manager?

Definition: A program manager oversees multiple products across a company and coordinates across departments to guide product managers.

They’re often the manager who communicates plans to other business areas to keep everyone in the loop.

Each product management team works separately but together. They are part of the bigger picture. A program manager makes sure each team is still working towards the end goal and has a high-level view of everything. Think of them as the manager of product managers, helping them do their jobs and keeping the entire product portfolio cohesive. 

A typical day in the life of a program manager could look like:

  • Setting objectives for the latest product

  • Coordinating with each team and monitoring each product

  • Communicating with stakeholders on progress

  • Managing the budget of each product

  • Managing multiple managers and their teams

  • Signing off on decisions made

What is the difference between a program manager and product manager?

A product manager is in charge of one team and one product. They are involved in the day-to-day running of their product and often have a hands-on approach, especially in smaller teams. 

Their role is very specific to that product, and they are charged with selecting a team of experts to make products that users want. That involves organizing market research and feeding back that information to their product team. They are also expected to discuss this feedback and strategy with the program manager.

A program manager is in charge of multiple products at any one time. They always look at the bigger picture for every product team in their department. 

A large part of a program manager’s job involves communicating the progress of each product to various stakeholders, including higher management, investors, and other departments. 

They may not have the technical expertise for each product, but they are expected to know details about each. This is why it’s recommended they hold regular meetings to discuss progress and timelines. 

What is the career path for a program manager?

Program managers need a mixture of hard and soft skills. People often transition to a program manager role later in their career, but that doesn’t mean you can’t prepare early. Here are the top skills needed to become a program manager.

Qualifications and experience

Most program managers have a business degree. A business degree gives you a broader look at the overall operations of a business rather than a specific department, like accounting or marketing. However, many of these department-specific degrees have students complete a business-based first year and undertake modules from other departments during their studies.

Successful program managers need to have experience managing a team. Don’t forget that you’ll be managing managers, so you have to understand a manager's role first. Leadership skills vary from team to team, so it’s essential to recognize that different teams may require different approaches.

Soft skills

Because program managers oversee multiple products, you need excellent organization skills. Some program managers have a notebook per product and a diary to collate everything together. Others use online project management tools to share information between team members and product managers. 

Program managers also create reports so they need analytical skills. You must be able to read and interpret quantitative and qualitative data and write formally. Numeracy and literacy skills are paramount to program management roles.

Working across products and departments and with stakeholders means you need to communicate details in various ways to a wide range of people. Hone those skills early and keep working on them throughout your career to learn how to effectively communicate with different individuals.

7 common interview questions for program managers

  1. What is your opinion on change management? How do you approach it?

  2. Describe the biggest challenge you've faced managing a program.

  3. What are the most common reasons projects fail?

  4. How do you prioritize when managing and monitoring multiple products?

  5. Imagine you're halfway through completing a program, and the company's goals or strategy changes. How would you handle this?

  6. How did you measure the success of deliverables in your last program? How did you choose the best metrics?

  7. Tell me about a time you struggled negotiating with a stakeholder. How did you resolve this?

Tips for program managers to improve collaboration 

Effective collaboration is directly affected by how you run a project as a program manager. Here are some tips to help you bring teams together.

Hold regular meetings

In the same way you would track metrics, you should be checking in with your teams regularly. These meetings will be an opportunity to discover how your collaboration efforts are going and identify any areas that need improvement.

Build a knowledge hub

Empowering your teams to be self-sufficient is a great way to improve collaboration, so consider building out a knowledge hub for your team full of resources they might need. Being able to quickly answer their own questions can help team members feel empowered and improve efficiency. 

Be sure to include all the relevant documents and information related to your programs and products, and encourage everyone to check in as you make updates.

Work on building trust across teams

Traditionally, teams have been siloed with little communication. This can lead to mistrust or miscommunication because teams don’t know what everyone is working on. Eliminating silos and building back that trust means you can help teams collaborate on large projects.

Use collaborative tools

Collaboration efforts rely on tools that enable and enhance collaboration. A team can’t properly collaborate on a project if out-of-date tools cause multiple roadblocks, so make sure you’re using the best tools for the job at hand. 

Show people the wider organizational context

Sharing the bigger picture will help everyone involved get on the same page. This also helps everyone work towards overall business objectives.

Program manager vs. project manager?

It is simple but not necessarily apparent how to distinguish a program manager from a project manager. A program implies multiple projects that are linked to one another.


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The program manager’s challenge is to strategically assess the benefits and impact of the individual projects with the superordinate goal in mind.

Hence the mission is long-term in nature and is operated on a meta-level, while a project manager’s concerns are rather technical and short-term.

What is a Program Manager

General FAQ

How do you become a program manager?
Simply put, there’s no precise method for becoming a program manager. The most common one is by getting accredited through a professional organization. However, this is not required most of the time. You have to show great planning skills and be active in managing or reconciling multiple projects inside the company.
How much does a program manager make?
According to, the average program manager salary in the US is $98,323 a year. The program manager salary can go up to $134.000 in some cases.
What is a technical program manager?
A technical program manager can work along with the program manager and the project management in coordinating technical development activities across multiple projects.
What does a technical program manager do?
A technical program manager is typically in charge of projects like new product development, lead development teams, manage technical program processes, review code, and trach technical issues.
airfocus eBook All You Need To Know About Product Management
All You Need To Know About Product Management
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