A Gantt chart is a project management technique, used to illustrate tasks as bars that expand over a specific timeline. In essence, the Gantt chart tells teams what needs to be done, by when and who’s responsible.
Utilizing Gantt charts, project managers can ensure a project is completed within a given timeframe, by successfully planning, tracking, and staying on top of tasks.
Although the Gantt chart emerged as a powerful tool for project management in general, it also responds to the particularities of software projects. A Gantt chart can help software teams move through the fast-paced steps of product development without losing track of vital to-dos.
For example, a Gantt chart enables product managers to plan and track a product’s development process while coordinating the efforts of multi-functional teams composed of product managers, UX designers, front-end, and back-end developers.
Intuitive and time-saving, a Gantt chart can bring digital teams together, and keep members on the scope as they progress through the software development process.
At the beginning of a software project, a Gantt chart can be used to display the project’s scope by enabling the visualization of its “critical path”. The “critical path” is a succession of mandatory tasks that need to be accomplished for a project to be successful.
On a more detailed level, product managers and development teams can use Gantt charts to map the issues that need to be solved to push the project along.
A Gantt chart can also be used to manage dependencies within a project.
Dependencies refer to those particular tasks that are linked to each other by constraint-based relationships. In plain English, they are tasks that cannot be started, without another task being finished first. This happens often in the development process because you can’t test a concept with users without a mockup or prototype!
Efficient management of dependencies can be achieved by introducing the so-called “slack time” — the period of time you can postpone a non-vital task. A Gantt chart is a great way to prioritize tasks and logically disperse the slack times through the project’s roadmap, without falling behind.
The history of the Gantt chart spans back to the 1890s, when Karol Adamiecki, a Polish engineer, got interested in improving the management techniques at his steelworks facility. Adamiecki’s solution was to manually devise a chart that visually answered the vital questions related to any given project.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Henry Gantt, an American mechanical engineer, and project consultant came up with his own version of a similar chart. This is the version that spread across the western world and became an essential component of modern project management, under the name of the American who perfected it.
Although Gantt charts improved management flows, they demanded a laborious creation process. Each chart was drawn by hand, which meant any change to a project implied manual revisions and lots of wasted time. Today, with the dawn of the digital age, Gantt charts gained traction as updates are just a button away.
Utilizing Gantt charts in your team can bring a number of key benefits:
The Gantt chart centralizes all the information required to successfully finalize a project in due time. It does so by visually representing, in a logical succession, the tasks that need to be completed, alongside the resources required.
The graphical visualization makes it easy for team members — regardless of their background — to understand the roadmap of a project. By grasping how their tasks can affect other project efforts, they’ll also feel more motivated to stay on track.
Software teams can use the Gantt chart to visualize updates and progress statuses without wasting precious time in long meetings. The graph will provide valuable insights regarding schedules and resources, making it easy for members to know with whom they need to communicate and when.
By enabling product managers to visualize the critical path of a project, the Gantt chart empowers them to correctly allocate teams and resources. This aspect will yield higher effectiveness and will protect the project from getting derailed by inaccurate estimates.
But while the Gantt chart can be revolutionary for project and product management, there are cons to consider too...
Large projects that entail a wide range of tasks, sub-tasks, and dependencies will be hard to tackle by using a Gantt chart. After all, the main advantage of the technique is to provide clarity through simple diagrams.
As a result, the complexity of big-scale projects can make a Gantt chart difficult to decipher. To counterbalance the issue, managers can break the project down into several acts — each with its corresponding Gantt chart.
A Gantt chart easily captures the time frame in which a task must be finalized but offers little data regarding the workload required for its completion.
This can lead to employee burnout and deadlines that are impossible to meet! Instead, resource allocation should take into account the time and effort needed to perform each task.
Modern software projects, especially those guided by an agile methodology, are governed by constant changes. Those changes must be reflected in the project’s Gantt chart — but that creates extra work when you’re already busy!
That said, the results of using a Gantt chart can outweigh the effort. And by using software to create Gantt charts, these changes can be made with minimal hassle.